Call for Papers

Special Issue of Technological Forecasting and Social Change on topics relating to "Bit by bit – Capturing value from the digital fabrication revolution". Thanks to all who have submitted to the special issue. We are now currently in the process of reviewing the submissions.



Project summary

Digital fabrication (which includes processes termed ‘additive manufacturing’ or ’3D printing’) is thought by some commentators to be underpinning a potential manufacturing revolution. Covering a broad range of technologies, digital fabrication offers the prospects of on-demand, mass personalisation, with more localised, flexible and sustainable production. These technologies have the potential to disrupt the organisation of manufacturing and the ways in which companies – both incumbents and new entrants – create and capture value.  However, digital fabrication has attracted significant attention in the last year to the extent that there is danger of it becoming overhyped. It is therefore very timely that research be undertaken that considers the interconnected technological, commercial and policy issues that characterise the emergence of digital fabrication. This will provide the academic, industrial and policymaker communities with responses to the most pressing questions, and a structure for on-going debate and knowledge sharing.


Our objective is therefore to develop cross-disciplinary research capability that allows us to: (1) address key research questions relating to the emergence of digital fabrication and its impact upon the UK economy, and (2) deliver an enduring cross-disciplinary research platform for responding to future digital economy-related research challenges.


This project will target three key questions relating to this emergence:

  1. How will digital fabrication affect the manufacturing landscape?
  2. What impacts will this revolution have on manufacturing in the UK?
  3. How can UK firms become global leaders in this new age of digital manufacturing?

This research will address these specific gaps in current knowledge relating to the emergence of digital fabrication and deliver three key outcomes:

  • Determination of the effects of digital fabrication on the organisation of manufacturing in the UK.
  • Assessment of how and where value will or could be captured in the UK.
  • Identification of key support actions necessary by UK policymakers to underpin value capture resulting from digital fabrication in the UK.

Approaching digital fabrication from the perspective of industry emergence, numerous interconnected scientific, technological, commercial, economic and policy issues arise. To address the research questions, we will apply a framework [1] developed in a previous EPSRC-funded programme (the “Emerging Industries Programme”) to highlight and develop our understanding of the connections between these issues. We will do this in three stages:

  • Emergence: How did digital fabrication emerge? Identification of trends, patterns, barriers and enablers in the emergence and diffusion of digital fabrication to date.
  • Business model disruptions: How is value captured from digital fabrication technology? How has value capture changed? What traditional/disruptive business models have they enabled?
  • Scenarios: What future scenarios that may result from the diffusion of digital fabrication technologies? What will be the possible associated business models, their barriers and enablers?

Running in parallel with and supporting these three research stages will be the development of a community that will bring together academic perspectives (from technology, management, economics and policy), with those of practitioners (from start-ups to multinationals, and support service providers) and policymakers.  This community will be developed through events run throughout the project. To help develop this network, we have assembled an advisory group that provides us with the appropriate breadth to ensure that relevant stakeholders can be accessed.


The project started in October 2013. For further information on this project, please contact Simon Ford, Letizia Mortara or Tim Minshall. Updates on this project and digital fabrication trends can be accessed via and the project blog To join the growing community of interest around this topic please go to the Bit by Bit 3D Printing Interest Group on LinkedIn.


[1] Phaal, R., E. O’Sullivan, M. Routley, S. Ford and D. Probert (2011). “A framework for mapping industrial emergence.” Technological Forecasting and Social Change 78(2): 217-230.